1. Haney López, I. F.,  The social construction of race. In Richard Delgado (Ed.) Critical Race Theory: The cutting edge

  2. Massey, Douglas S., and Denton, N.,  American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass

  3. Winant, H.,  Race and Race Theory, Annual Review of Sociology, 26(1), 169-185. http://www.jstor.org/stable/223441

  4. “The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism” by Edward Baptist

  5. “The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story Of America’s Great Migration” by Isabel Wilkerson

  6. Life Upon These Shores: Looking at African American History, 1513-2008” by Henry Louis Gates Jr.

  7. Omi, Michael, and Howard Winant. 1994. Racial Formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1990s.

  8. Omi, Michael, and Howard Winant. 2002. “Racial Formation.” Pp. 122-145 in Race Critical Theories: Text and Context, Philomena Essed and David Theo Goldberg

  9. Omi, Michael and Howard Winant. 2012. “Conclusion: Racial Formation Rules: Continuity, Instability, and Change,” Pp. 302-331 in Racial Formation in the Twenty-first Century, edited by Daniel Martinez HoSang, Oneka LaBennett, and Laura Pulido. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press

  10. K. Anthony Appiah, Stereotypes and Identity, 88 Cal L. Rev. 41 (2000).

  11. A Spectacular Secret: Lynching in American Life and Literature by Jacqueline Goldsby

  12. Wilmington’s Lie: The Murderous Coup of 1898 and the Rise of White Supremacy by David Zucchino

  13. Charles Johnson, The Middle Passage.

  14. James H. Cone, Martin and Malcolm and America: A Dream of Nightmare.

  15. Howard Zinn, A People's History of the United States: 1492-Present 

  16. John Hope Franklin & Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans

  17. David Theo Goldberg, Racist Culture: Philosophy and the Politics of Meaning (1993).

  18. Joel Sipress, Relearning Race: Teaching Race as a Social Construction, 30 The Hist. Tchr. 175 (1997).

  19. Gunnar Myrdal, An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy (1944).

  20. Paul Finkelman, An Imperfect Union: Federalism, Comity and Slavery (1981).

  21. W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk  (1989).

  22. Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery (1901).

  23. Sherrow O. Pinder, The Politics of Race and Ethnicity in the United STates: Americanization, De-Americanization, and Racialized Ethnic Groups (2010).

  24. Falguni A. Sheth, Toward a Political Philosophy of Race (Robert Bernasconi & T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting eds., 2009).

  25. Frantz Fanon, Algeria Unveiled, in A Dying Colonialism (English translation by Monthly Review Press, 1965).

  26. James Baldwin, My Dungeon Shook: Letter to My Nepehw on the Eve of the 100th Anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation, in The Fire Next Time 1, 9 (1993) (1962).

  27. Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth (Constance Farrigton trans., 1963).

  28. Frantz Fanon, Black Skin White Masks xii (Charles L. Markmann trans., 1952).

  29. Frantz Fanon, Racism and Culture, in Toward the African Revolution 31 (Haakon Chevalier trans., 1988) (1964).

  30. James Baldwin, The Evidence of Things Not Seen 23 (1985).

  31. Gargi Bhattacharyya, Tales of Dark-Skinned Women: Race, Gender and Global Culture 175 (2003).

  32. James Baldwin, Of the Sorrow Songs: The Cross of Redemption, in The Cross of Redemption: Uncollected Writings 118 (Randall Kenan ed., 2010).

  33. James Baldwin, No Name in the Street, reprinted in The Price of the Ticket: Collected Nonfiction, 1948–1985 449 (1985).

  34. Douglas Hartmann, Race, Culture, and the Revolt of the Black Athelete: The 1968 Olympic Protests and Their Aftermath (2003).

  35. Michael Omi, Racial Identity and the State: The Dilemmas of Classification, 15 L. & Inequality 7 (1997).

  36. David Brion Davis, Constructing Race: A reflection, 54 Wm. & Mary Q. 7 (1997).

  37. Angela Harris, From Color Line to Color Chart?: Racism and Colorism in the New Century, 10 Berkely J. Afr.-Am. L. & Pol’y 52 (2008).

  38. Mary Patillo, Black on the Block

  39. Richard Rothstein, The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America

  40. Clay Smith, Jr., Emancipation: The Making of the Black Lawyer, 1844-1944